Vayots Dzor region lies in the south-east of the country, bordering the Nakhichevan exclave of Azerbaijan in the west and the Azerbaijan in the east. It is one of the most scenic and historically interesting regions of Armenia once being the seat of many Armenian royal families.
The flora and fauna in Vayots Dzor region is very diverse with 5.7% of natural forests. The uplands have potential hiking, horse riding, mountain bike tracks, and camping spots. Vayots Dzor surface is extraordinary diverse. Volcanic forces, earthquakes, waters of Arpa river and its tributaries shaped numerous mountain ranges stretching by different directions with high and small tops, mysterious canyons, mountain passes, plateaus, fields, meadows and natural varied buildings, the most bright example of which is Jermuk wonderful waterfall of up to 70 meters height.
The climate in Vayots Dzor is continental on the whole. Cold or moderate cold winters and hot summers are typical to this region. The highest possible air temperature reaches +41°C in southern districts, and the extreme minimum temperature reaches -35°C. The level of precipitations is typical for dry continental climate.
Yeghegnadzor is the center of the region and one of the most ancient settlements dating back to the 5th century. The name itself is literally translated as “a gorge of canes”. The population is generally involved in agriculture and processing industry, mainly in wine making production.
Being a high class resort, Jermuk city occupies a special place in this region. Every year many tourists in this resort centre regain their health and have a fantastic pastime.
The village of Herher is also one of the important and most ancient sites in the region of Vayots Dzor joining the roads of Yeghegnadzor-Goris. It is located on the slopes of a 2581 m high volcanic mountain. From here a breathtaking view opens to all of Vayots Dzor region. The village is also well known with its medieval monasteries, cross-stones and forts with Kapuyt Berd (Blue Castle) being among them.